MaritimeMarket InsightNews

Hapag-Lloyd adds to reefer box fleet as fresh produce and pharma trades grow

Hapag-Lloyd operates one of the world’s largest refrigerated container fleets (Photo: Hapag-Lloyd)

Container ship owner sees more potential in niche trade 

Hapag-Lloyd plans to add more refrigerated containers to its fleet, citing ongoing growth in the perishable items trade.

The fifth largest ocean carrier by capacity says it ordered 11,100 reefer containers, which will be added to its existing fleet of 91,000 reefer boxes now through this December.

Including the latest order, the Hamburg-based carrier has grown its reefer container fleet 29% since 2015. Along with adding 11,700 reefer containers through the UASC acquisition, the company added another 7,700 reefer boxes last year. 

Clemens Holz, who heads the company’s reefer products, says the order stems from “increasing demand from clients to transport temperature sensitive goods,” such as food products and high-value pharmaceuticals.

Two thousand of the new 40’ containers are equipped with technology to slow down the ripening process and to extend the shelf life of fruits and vegetables.

The value of fresh produce trades has been growing among the world’s leading economies. The U.S. saw 8% growth in fruit imports to $18 billion last year, according to UN Comtrade Data. China’s fruit imports grew 9% to $6.4 billion.


 (Source: UN Comtrade)
(Source: UN Comtrade)

Maritime consultants Drewry said in a report earlier this month that seaborne reefer trade overall posted a 5% in 2017, reaching 124 million tonnes, an acceleration of the 3.6% growth seen in the trade over the previous decade. 

More of the growth is going to refrigerated containers and away from specialized refrigerated containerships, with Drewry estimating the containerised reefer traffic rose 8% in 2017. 

Despite additional production of refrigerated containers, Drewry says the supply of such boxes remains tight, particularly as carriers are reluctant to position empty reefer boxes far from ports. 

Ocean carriers are also seeing better rates for refrigerated freight as those rates rose 3% in the last eighteen months versus a 14% decline in dry container rates. 

“This demonstrates that despite broader weakness in the container shipping market, reefer rates have held up, rewarding those carriers that have chosen to invest in the cargo segment,” Drewry said. 

But growth in the fresh produce trade may weaken due to inclement weather having affected crops and the potential impact of U.S. and Chinese tariffs.

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Michael Angell, Bulk and Intermodal Editor

Michael Angell covers maritime, intermodal and related topics for FreightWaves. His interest in transportation stretches back several generations. One great-grandfather was a dray horseman along the New York waterfront and another was a railway engineer in Texas. More recently, Michael has written about the shipping industry for TradeWinds, energy markets for Oil Price Information Service, and general business topics for FactSet Mergerstat and Investor's Business Daily. When he is not stuck in the office, he enjoys tours of ports, terminals, and railyards.