DronesLast-mile deliveryModern ShipperNewsRecent News

The evolution of Wing drone delivery

Alphabet subsidiary has surpassed 250,000 deliveries, but it is just beginning

PHILADELPHIA — Delivery in an e-commerce world is no longer cut and dried. In the early days, if a package, regardless of how big it was, needed last-mile delivery, a truck or van made it.

Today, there are options. Cars, trucks, vans, robots and drones are some of the vehicle types that are making these important deliveries.

“Here at Wing we spend a lot of time thinking about how to move packages through the sky,” wrote Adam Woodworth, chief technology officer for drone delivery provider Wing, in a recent blog posting. “Solving the problem of on-demand delivery will always require a variety of vehicles. Just as the ideal vehicle for carrying a ton of gravel would be a dump truck rather than a sedan, the ideal aircraft to carry a bottle of medication is not the same as the best one to deliver a gallon of milk, and neither is suited to deliver a refrigerator.”  

Wing, the Alphabet (NASDAQ: GOOGL) subsidiary, has been building its drone operation since 2012, but it has not received as much publicity as some others, probably due to the fact that until last year the company had operated mostly in Australia. It is now in three countries, including its recent launch of commercial operations in the U.S. The company has been testing its services in the U.S. in Virginia since April 2021 and in Texas since October 2021, but it was in April that Wing announced commercial operations in the Dallas-Fort Worth area in partnership with Walgreens.

To date, Wing has made over 250,000 deliveries in the U.S., Australia and Finland, said Jung Lee, head of partnerships and strategy at Wing.

Lee, speaking at the recent Home Delivery World conference in Philadelphia, said the company’s goal is to build a delivery mechanism that is “right-sized” — a core component of the approach Google is taking to the final mile.

“It’s not really, why drone delivery,” she said. “For us, the question is why can’t we get to something that is right-sized, safe and sustainable rather than using a 3,000-pound vehicle to deliver a [lunch].”

Lee noted that in areas where it operates, drone delivery has been well received. She relayed the story of one Texas couple, in their 80s, that have utilized the delivery service to improve their lives. The couple have a series of health issues, including a lack of mobility for the husband and vision issues for the wife, but have become Wing’s biggest customers, having received over 800 drone deliveries to date, Lee said.

Wing’s drone is designed for lightweight loads with a 2.6-pound payload capacity. The drone itself is lightweight and designed to fall apart upon contact with objects — similar to how a NASCAR race car does when it hits a wall to absorb energy from contact. The drone weighs just 10.6 points and has an effective range of between 4 and 6 miles at a cruising speed of 70 mph.

Designed with 12 rotors, the drone doesn’t use all of them, Lee said, allowing for redundant systems and the ability to turn on additional rotors should any fail.

The fastest delivery completed by a Wing drone was in 2 minutes, 47 seconds.

Lee said Wing is part of a broader transportation vision at Google, which includes autonomous vehicles. Drone delivery, she noted, is part of helping solve the desire for faster delivery services. Lee cited a survey from 2020 that found that 24% of consumers were interested in same-day delivery. The following year, that had risen to 36%. In addition, about 50% of online grocery shoppers are using rapid delivery services in a market that is expected to reach $75 billion by 2025.

“You hear the topics around labor shortages, the cost to deliver due to fuel costs and fuel shortage … but we have a way to address this,” Lee said.

Drone delivery could someday replace 294 million vehicle miles per year in U.S. metro areas, she added, effectively taking the equivalent of 25,656 cars off the roadways.

In July, Wing introduced several additional drone prototypes as it looks to expand upon its use cases. Those prototypes included both a smaller, more compact model and a larger and bulkier version. Lee said current use cases include restaurant, health care, grocery and e-commerce delivery, but “as long as it fits” in the Wing delivery box, the drone can deliver it.

Looking forward, Lee said Wing is looking at more advanced technology and trying to automate more of the flight paths, including object detection, and building a better customer experience. That may include services such as faster drone delivery for premium-paying customers.

“Our path to scale is just starting,” she said.

Click for more articles by Brian Straight.

You may also like:

Wing seeks exemption for remote drone operation

Wing to begin US commercial drone deliveries in Texas this week

Alphabet’s Wing unveils never-before-seen drone prototypes

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Brian Straight

Brian Straight leads FreightWaves' Modern Shipper brand as Managing Editor. A journalism graduate of the University of Rhode Island, he has covered everything from a presidential election, to professional sports and Little League baseball, and for more than 10 years has covered trucking and logistics. Before joining FreightWaves, he was previously responsible for the editorial quality and production of Fleet Owner magazine and fleetowner.com. Brian lives in Connecticut with his wife and two kids and spends his time coaching his son’s baseball team, golfing with his daughter, and pursuing his never-ending quest to become a professional bowler. You can reach him at bstraight@freightwaves.com.