U.S. Class I rail employment levels rose between July and August on higher rail volumes. However, headcount totals are still significantly below year-ago levels.
Ths U.S. operations of the Class I railroads employed 117,764 people in mid-August, up 0.46% from July but down by nearly 15.5% from August 2019, according to data provided to the Surface Transportation Board (STB) by the Class I railroads.
The headcount increase between July and August comes as U.S. rail traffic has been rising steadily since the COVID-19 pandemic slashed rail volumes in April and May. Indeed, U.S. intermodal volumes in August were at their highest since October 2018, totaling 1.12 million intermodal containers and trailers, according to the Association of American Railroads.
However, on a year-over-year basis, all six job categories included in the headcount survey declined in August amid the deployment of precision scheduled railroading (PSR), an operational model that seeks to streamline operations.
Declining traffic for coal carloads and frac sand carloads may have also contributed to lower carload volumes compared with recent years.
The biggest year-over-year percentage declines went to maintenance-of-way employees and train and engine (T&E) employees. Both categories fell by over 20%. Headcount for the maintenance-of-way and the T&E categories fell by 22.% and 20.9%, respectively, to 19,165 and 46,253.
However, the month-to-month percentage changes of those two categories were more subdued. Between July and August, the maintenance-of-way employee category fell by nearly 2%, but the T&E category rose by 3.3%.
The T&E category tends to be more sensitive to market demand for rail service, and it can rise and fall depending on network capacity needs.
Federal data elsewhere reflects the decline in overall rail employment. Data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reveals a five-year decline in overall U.S. rail employment.