Lawmakers in both chambers of Congress have introduced legislation aimed at compensating vessel owners that want to divert ships from the U.S. West Coast to less-congested Gulf and East Coast ports.
The Supply Chain Emergency Response Act, introduced this week by Sen. Rick Scott, R-Fla., and Rep. Carlos Gimenez, R-Fla., redirects $125 million of unspent money from the CARES Act to help owners of vessels currently anchored off the U.S. West Coast to transit through the Panama Canal and dock at U.S. Gulf or East Coast ports instead.
Some vessels have been waiting at Los Angeles and Long Beach anchorages – which have been described by marine officials as “full” – over a month to berth.
In addition to helping vessel owners get compensated for costs associated with diverting their ships, Scott and Gimenez also see the legislation as a way to move more container business through Florida ports.
“We need to make Washington work for Florida families,” Scott said. “Fortunately, Florida’s ports are ready and able to help with this crisis and I hope all of my colleagues work with us to quickly pass this good and urgently needed bill.”
Gimenez said that Florida ports have “clamored for more cargo vessels to reroute from California” since ships began stacking up off the West Coast.
“Like Florida, several states in the Gulf and the Eastern Seaboard have both the port capacity and the logistical capabilities to ensure goods reach our shelves in a timely and efficient manner,” he said. “Getting these cargo vessels to Florida and other Eastern states also alleviates the shipping container shortage, which has made it difficult for American producers – from our farmers and ranchers to our domestic manufacturers – to ship their goods and products abroad.”
Chinese vessel owners – which would include Cosco Group, one of the world’s largest container ship operators – need not apply for grants. The legislation specifically bars “any individual who is a member of the Chinese Communist Party or any company owned, in whole or in part, by the Chinese Communist Party” from receiving grant money.
According to a draft of the bill, the grant program would be set up by the secretary of Transportation – acting through the U.S. Maritime Administration (MarAd) – and would cover toll costs associated with rerouting vessels from the U.S. West Coast through the Panama Canal.
To receive a grant, eligible vessel owners would have to submit to MarAd documentation that the owner:
- Had an agreement to dock a cargo vessel at a port along the Western Seaboard of the United States and intends to reroute such cargo vessel from such port through the Panama Canal to a port along the Gulf of Mexico or the Eastern Seaboard of the United States.
- Has an agreement to dock such cargo vessel at such port along the Gulf of Mexico or the Eastern Seaboard of the United States.
The bill also notes that any U.S. West Coast terminal operator “may not collect port fees from a recipient of a grant … that has rerouted a cargo vessel from such marine terminal operator due to the inability of such marine terminal operator to receive such vessel.”
The stipulation barring Chinese owners comes against a backdrop of sentiment from both sides of the political aisle that China and other foreign vessel operators are abusing their market power over Asian imports into the U.S. by limiting the number of containers available for U.S. exports.
Last month Gimenez introduced legislation discouraging U.S. ports and terminal operators from buying Chinese container gantry cranes.
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