As trucker protests at the U.S.-Canadian border finally disperse, fears the movement could spark similar protests at the U.S.-Mexico border have proved largely unfounded.
The Biden administration closed U.S. borders to unvaccinated and partially vaccinated Canadian and Mexican truck drivers Jan. 22. Canada announced similar COVID-19 vaccine mandates on cross-border truckers beginning Jan. 15. Mexico has no vaccine requirements.
Josefina Blanco, legal and compliance lead at Nuvocargo, said anti-vaccine activism is far lower in Mexico.
New York-based Nuvocargo is a digital logistics platform for cross-border trade between the U.S. and Mexico. The company has offices in Mexico City, where Blanco is based.
“In the Mexican press, there hasn’t been much talk about an anti-vaccine sentiment that you have in the U.S., with protests on the streets,” Blanco told FreightWaves. “I think the predominant sentiment is, ‘When vaccines get here, I’m excited that I get a spot for a vaccine.’ … I think that really represents the difference between the Latin American mentality versus the American mentality with vaccines.”
Luis García, Mexico City-based head of carrier relations at Nuvocargo, said he hasn’t heard of any protests or dissent from Mexico’s trucking industry regarding the vaccine mandate.
“From my perspective, carriers [in Mexico] have been thinking more about this proactively, communicating about some delays we’re experiencing given the reduced capacity because of drivers being out sick,” García said. “I would say that shippers are more concerned right now with how this impacts them in terms of times to deliver their merchandise, rather than the actual [vaccine] regulation itself.”
According to data from Mexico’s Ministry of Communications and Transportation, there are more than 184,774 trucking companies with permits to operate in the country, with most having 20 trucks or fewer. There are currently 3,753 medium-size trucking firms (31 to 100 trucks) in Mexico.
Jordan Dewart, a managing director for Redwood Mexico based in Laredo, Texas, said one of the reasons for less disruption could be that the vaccine mandate affected a smaller percentage of drivers in Mexico compared to Canada.
Redwood Mexico is part of Redwood Logistics, a logistics platform company headquartered in Chicago.
“It’s a different mechanism of crossing the border in Laredo, where you don’t have a lot of Mexican long-haul drivers crossing the border into the United States for the transfer, rather we use crossing carriers to dray the trailers across the border,” Dewart said. “What we have seen is a huge rise in B-1 visa drivers. They will pick up freight just on the Mexican side of the border or Laredo and then cross into the United States and go on. It’s a much smaller network of drivers that had to get vaccinated.”
The protests in Canada began over COVID-19 vaccine mandates, with truck drivers calling themselves the Freedom Convoy converging around the Canadian Parliament in the capital of Ottawa, Ontario, on Jan. 22.
Truck drivers and other protesters blocked Detroit’s Ambassador Bridge for several days, forcing commercial and passenger vehicles to take long detours. Protests also briefly blocked traffic at the U.S.-Canada border crossing in Coutts, Alberta.
There were some delays at the U.S.-Mexico border when the mandate went into effect Jan. 22, Armando Taboada, assistant director of field operations for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at the Laredo Field Office, told FreightWaves.
Laredo CBP encountered 111 noncompliant unvaccinated drivers the first three days after the requirements went into effect.
CBP’s Laredo field office oversees eight ports of entry along the Texas-Mexico border, including Laredo, Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, Hidalgo, Rio Grande City, Progresso and Roma.
“We were capturing the numbers the first few days to give us an idea,” Taboada said. “For the most part, I believe the carriers got the message that vaccine requirements were being enforced.
Dewart said more delays are being created by a trucking capacity crunch, which has been an issue at the U.S.-Mexico border for several years.
“There are actually a lot of delays at the border right now, but they are not related to COVID-19, or driver vaccinations,” Dewart said. “It’s more related to the availability of crossing carriers, because there’s so much volume and just not enough drivers to move the cargo.”
Dewart said shippers should expect the capacity shortage to continue at the border for the foreseeable future.
“You’ve got a steady flow of northbound cargo coming out of Mexico, but it’s always been a challenge because a lot of the southbound [trucks], there’s not enough,” Dewart said. “What could be done to fix it? The government needs to expand the B-1 visa driver program; that’s really saved us in the last few years, the rise of these companies.”
Dewart said many trucking companies offering border transfer services have grown significantly in recent years, “picking up the slack from all the exits of the large players.”
“The only way that they’re able to do it is by adding drivers through the B-1 driver program,” Dewart said.
Watch: FreightWaves carrier update for Feb. 18
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